1905: German family with one daughter and seven sons, Ellis Island


A photograph of the Mittelstadt family.

“The family arrived on May 9, 1905, on the S.S. Pretoria. Maria was born on January 1, 1892 in what was then Bessarabia, South Russia. She was 15 years old when her family left Ellis Island to settle in Kullen, North Dakota. Four years later, she married Frederick Simfenderfer, and they had four children and many more grandchildren. Some remain in North Dakota, near Sunset Memorial Gardens, where Maria was buried in 1963.”

Text and research by Alexis Coe for The Cut

Photograph by Augustus F. Sherman/New York Public Library