1932: Carving Mount Rushmore


1932: At Mount Rushmore, Gutzon Borglum and another sculptor hang from the forehead of George Washington.  

Originally proposed in 1923 by State Historian Doane Robinson as a memorial to great heroes of the West, the design and carving of South Dakota's Mount Rushmore was executed by sculptor Gutzon Borglum.

It was Borglum who persuaded Robinson to abandon the West theme - including Lakota Sioux leader Red Cloud - and instead create a monument to American presidents.  The work began in 1927, and was declared complete in October 1941.

Borglum had died six months earlier.